Ahead of the ECB
EURUSD posts its biggest weekly gain in five months despite ongoing uncertainty in Italy and fresh declines in Italian bonds and equity indices? The main reason comments from several ECB policy makers, including the not-so hawkish chief economist and policy maker Peter Praet, who said on Tuesday that the June 14 meeting will contain the first formal discussion on winding down the remainder of the quantitative easing program, which began in 2015.
Unlike in the previous 3 meetings when the ECB made no references to the future course of the asset purchases program, today the central bank feels that the time has come to give markets more clarity.
Recall, the program began in March 2015 with a EUR 60 bln of monthly purchases of government and corporate bonds. In October 2017, the ECB announced it would cut QE by half to EUR 30 bn starting in January 2018 and extended the period of QE to September 2018.
There are several reasons why the ECB is ready to begin managing market expectations about winding down the rest of the QE program:
Inflation: Eurozone inflation jumped to 1.9% in May from 1.6%, nearing the central bank's 2.0% target. If the ECB gives no signal on QE or hint about interest rates, then the combination of further euro weakness and high oil prices will risk tipping inflation beyond the control of the hawks in Frankfurt.
Time lag: Markets are forward-looking and inflation dynamics work with a 3-6 moths lag. Therefore, in order for the ECB to avoid any nasty surprises (sharp rise in bond yields and aggressive increase in the euro) it is best to communicate its intentions about the timing of terminating the QE program about 4-6 months in advance.
Currency weakness: In light of the euro's decline from $1.25 to $1.18, the currency stands at a better position to discuss (publicly) about normalizing policy at a weaker exchange rate so that the inevitable euro rebound resulting from these discussions will not reach excessively high levels that are adverse to the Eurozone economy.
- US growth & rates momentum: As long as the US remains on the path of raising interest rates, the ECB is confident that the euro will not rise excessively fast against the US dollar when it begins signalling about ending QE and raising interest rates.
Once again: There will be no interest rate hike on Thursday and QE will not be ended on Thursday or next month or the following month. Instead, the ECB plans to use Thursday's meeting to lay out a more concrete the plan for ending QE and is more inclined to set off a more publicized discussion of its plans to manage the remaining EUR 30 bn of QE.
What the market thinks
According to market expectations, the current round of EUR 30 bn per month in asset purchases -- will be reduced to zero by the end of this year. The market also thinks that the first interest rate hike from the ECB will take part in September 2019.
What about Italy?
One of the reasons to the strong increase in the euro this week following the remarks from the ECB is the situation in Italy? Markets were surprised the ECB would mention the end of QE at a time when Italian politics are in uncertainty and Italian sovereign bonds are selling off.
But as I mentioned in my earlier analysis here 7 reasons why we should not panic about Italy, there is a strong likelihood that the situation in the Eurozone's 3rd largest economy will not continue to cause a drag on the euro capital markets and the currency.
Can Draghi Handle it?
So how will the ECB and its president Draghi manoeuver Thursday's meeting without rocking causing damage in currency or bond markets?
- I expect to see a modest upgrade in the ECB's revisions for growth and inflation
- ECB would highlight the term “expansion” instead of “recovery” to an extent that a gradual reduction removal of the asset purchases program in September (such as a decline to EUR 10 bn from the current EUR 30 bn per month), before reviewing the program again in December for a complete unwind.
- In order to not trigger a sharp rise in the euro and bond yields, the ECB will emphasize that it will continue reinvest the proceeds of its existing bond holdings in the system. It will also highlight that there is plenty of surplus liquidity in the system (not just for Italy).
The Fed Factor
Do not forget that Thursday's ECB announcement will take place one day after the Federal Reserve decision, widely expected to raise rates. Since I expect the Fed to raise its revisions for growth/inflation and reiterate its willingness to allow inflation to rise modestly above the 2.0% target, I expect the euro to retest the 1.1600 around the Fed announcement/press conference, but recover above 1.17 on the day of the ECB decision.
1.15 level has proven to hold the 6-month trendline support and I reiterate my forecast for 1.27 before the end of year.
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When diagonal triangles occur in the wave 5 or C position, they take the 3-3-3-3-3 shape that Elliott described. However, it has recently come to light that a variation on this pattern occasionally appears in the wave 1 position of impulses and in the wave A position of zigzags. The characteristic overlapping of waves 1 and 4 and the convergence of boundary lines into a wedge shape remain as in the ending diagonal triangle. However, the subdivisions are different, tracing out a 5-3-5-3-5 pattern. The structure of this formation (see Figure 1-20) fits the spirit of the Wave Principle in that the five-wave subdivisions in the direction of the larger trend communicate a "continuation" message as opposed to the "termination" implication of the three-wave subdivisions in the ending diagonal. Analysts must be aware of this pattern to avoid mistaking it for a far more common development, a series of first and second waves. The main key to recognizing this pattern is the decided slowing of price change in the fifth subwave relative to the third. By contrast, in developing first and second waves, short term speed typically increases, and breadth (i.e., the number of stocks or subindexes participating) often expands.
Figure 1-21 shows a real life example of a leading diagonal triangle. This pattern was not originally discovered by R.N. Elliott but has appeared enough times and over a long enough period that we are convinced of its validity.
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Thks for your input. EURUSD did well to hold above the 1.1030 horiz base, now eyeing another stab at 1.1110.
Chartists can use KAMA like any other trend following indicator, such as a moving average. Chartists can look for price crosses, directional changes, and filtered forex trading signals .
First, a cross above or below KAMA indicates directional changes in prices. As with any moving average, a simple crossover system will generate lots of forex trading signals and lots of whipsaws. Chartists can reduce whipsaws by applying a price or time filter to the crossovers. One might require price to hold the cross for a set number of days or require the cross to exceed KAMA by a set percentage.
Second, chartists can use the direction of KAMA to define the overall trend for a security. This may require a parameter adjustment to smooth the indicator further. Chartists can change the middle parameter, which is the fastest EMA constant, to smooth KAMA and look for directional changes. The trend is down as long as KAMA is falling and forging lower lows. The trend is up as long as KAMA is rising and forging higher highs. The Kroger example below shows KAMA(10,5,30) with a steep uptrend from December to March and a less-steep uptrend from May to August.
And finally, chartists can combine signals and techniques. Chartists can use a longer-term KAMA to define the bigger trend and a shorter-term KAMA for forex trading signals . For example, KAMA (10,5,30) could be used as a trend filter and be deemed bullish when rising. Once bullish, chartists could then look for bullish crosses when price moves above KAMA (10,2,30). The example below shows MMM with a rising long-term KAMA and bullish crosses in December, January, and February. Long-term KAMA turned down in April and there were bearish crosses in May, June, and July.
This blog is helpful for the analysis.